Modern chemistry allows to design nano-scaled metallic pattern with preassigned electron conductance properties by grafting of nanoparticles on silicon surface. These properties are highly sensitive to many parameters: nature of the metal, shape, surrounding medium and adsorbate. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) attract much attention due to prospects of development of nanoelectronics and sensors on their basis. ‘Turkevich method’ allows to obtain citrate capped aqueous colloidal solution of AuNPs with spherical shape and relatively monodispersed by size, i.e. 17±2 nm. However, for the moment it is unclear why such AuNPs can cover only 80% of the silicon surface pre-coated with (3-aminopropyl)-triethoxysilane (APTES).
The aim of this work was to study structure and composition of organic shell of AuNPs attached to silicon substrate via APTES. The AuNPs were synthesized by ‘Turkevich method’ using either H2O or D2O. The silicon wafers with the AuNPs were studied by neutron reflectometry. This method is highly sensitive for various isotopes/components and it`s possible to shadow/get signal from various components of the object (so called contrast variation method). The X-ray diffraction, atomic-force microscopy, high resolution tunneling microscopy were also used as complementary techniques to obtain accurate structural parameters of AuNPs shell.